Our bergamot essential oil, grown and processed in Italy arrives in Sri Lanka in containers where the tea masters add it to our black tea during the blending stage of processing.
Antioxidants and Free Radicals
Like tea, bergamot essential oil contains molecules called catechins that are antioxidants. Antioxidants are molecules that bind with and neutralize free radical molecules, hence the nickname "free radical scavengers". Free radicals form during the human body’s efforts to convert food and oxygen into energy (oxidation) and to fight infections.
Free radicals aggressively form bonds with and destabilize mitochondria, DNA/RNA, and cellular membranes causing malfunction leading to chronic disease.
Bergamot wipes out gram-positive bacteria while bypassing gram-negative. It is being studied as a component to combat food poisoning.
H. pylori is a pathogen which is linked to chronic gastritis and gastric cancer. In the laboratory, coumarin-related compounds in bergamot, were most promising in controlling H. pylori.
In vitro studies have identified a mechanism whereby polyphenols in Bergamot reduce the inflammatory process. It inhibits the gene expression and secretion of inflammation pro-inflammatory related cytokines. Cytokines are small proteins which are vital to cell-to-cell communication.
Bergamot protects gene telomeres and teloerase activity in animal studies, hence, anti-aging characteristics.
Telomeres, the DNA ends of each chromosome, shorten over time without proper nutrients because they cannot fully replicate each time it cell divides. It's called getting older. Certain nutrients like bergamot, can enhance in protecting, or even increasing, telomere length, thereby affecting longevity.
Anti-Cardiovascular Disease and Anti-Diabetes
Research on animals and humans resulted in lower LDL cholesterol, lower triglycerides, and lower blood glucose. Vasodilation as also improved.
Dietary changes with ingestion of bergamot has promising effects on the increase of HDL-C serum levels.
In aromatherapy, bergamot essential oil reduces serum cortisol levels and psychological stress as tested by volunteer teachers.
The results show aromatherapy treatment relieved work-related stress of teachers with various workloads. However, the aromatherapy treatment had a weak effect on young teachers who had a heavy workload. However, there seemed to be no effect on volunteers with abnormal body mass indices.
Bergamot as an essential oil improves sleep in test patients. Over 90% reported improved resting and over 90% said that they would continue aromatherapy with tea.